Emergency Contraceptive / Morning After Pill

Emergency Contraceptive / Morning After Pill

  • The morning-after pill is meant for backup contraception only.
  • Emergency contraception is used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or if birth control method has failed e.g., condom leak.
  • Morning-after pills do not end a pregnancy that has implanted. It works primarily by delaying or preventing ovulation and making uterine environment hostile.
  • In overweight or obese, the morning-after pill won’t be as effective in preventing pregnancy.
  • Side effects can be:
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Fatigue
    • Breast tenderness
    • Bleeding between periods or heavier menstrual bleeding.
    • Lower abdominal pain or cramps.
  • The morning-after pill doesn’t offer lasting protection from pregnancy. If you have unprotected sex in the days and weeks after taking the morning-after pill, you’re at risk of becoming pregnant.
  • If period doesn’t come within three to four weeks of taking the morning-after pill, take a pregnancy test.
  • For maximum effectiveness, emergency contraception should be started as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse, and within 120 hours.
  • If you start bleeding or spotting that lasts longer than a week or severe lower abdominal pain three to five weeks after taking the morning-after pill, contact doctor. These can indicate a miscarriage or that the fertilized egg has implanted in a fallopian tube (ectopic pregnancy).
  • Ectopic pregnancy is a serious complication, it destroys your one fallopian tube for good.
  • Follow one concrete contraceptive
    • Oral contraceptive pills
    • Intrauterine device
    • Vaginal ring
    • Injections every 3 months.
  • Don’t rely on morning after pills.

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